Solar panels use photovoltaic cells, typically made of semiconductor materials like silicon, to convert sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity.
When sunlight hits the solar panels, the photovoltaic cells generate an electrical current. This electricity can be used to power appliances and lighting in homes or businesses.
Solar panels can help reduce electricity bills by generating clean, renewable energy. The amount of energy generated depends on factors like the orientation of the panels, shading, and local weather conditions.